The focus in nursery is to foster the skills and capabilities of the children by means of the correct stimulation. The young children are actively encouraged through their natural curiosity to investi-gate and explore. The act of discovering is the way to help them to learn and this is done through play.
Play is a very important technique at this age due to the fact that, apart from the opportunities it provides to learn, it also develops social and recreational skills. The children have fun, enjoy, use and develop motor skills as well as and linguistic and cognitive dexterity. The most important ele-ment of play is the social and emotional development that the children gain.
By being in the nursery children can break free of their home, their shell, and become socially in-volved in a group which provides the opportunities of participation amongst equals, interaction, contact, social harmony, learning to share, etc.
It is with this new group experience that the children will begin to build and establish their own per-sonalities.
The children in P1 and P2 play with everything that surrounds them in the classroom and that is within their reach which may not necessarily be expensive, new toys, but elements of everyday life which offer a grand multitude of sensory stimuli.
Furthermore, daily activities are used to work on routines and habits, which allow children to under-stand rules and correct behaviour. Habits and routines steer, guide, give order and security to the children and allow the development of autonomy and independence.